Historic Semiconductor Company Series


from horsepower controlled by man to



This is a section of a Texas Instruments advertisment from the mid 1950s which captures the excitement of TI’s rapidly expanding leadership position in the new silicon technology.  In part, the ad text reads: “Texas Instruments produces over 90% of commercial output of the these vital components.  Only silicon transistors can survive missile flight conditions, heat up to nearly twice that of boiling water, severe shock and vibration, extreme restructions on size, weight and power-drain…”

Oral Histories

Interviews and written comments from many of the key technical contributors to the Texas Instruments early Transistor and Integrated Circuit Programs, Including:


Bill Brower


Mac McBride

Ed Millis

Mary Anne Potter

Elmer Wolff


In addition, use the link below to review a high readable book published by one of the first TI transistor engineers:

Ed Millis Book on TI Transistor History


Texas Instruments


TI Becomes an Early and Dominant Semiconductor Company With a Fast Start in Silicon Technology.


With the introduction in May 1954 of the 900 series silicon transistor product line, Texas Instruments literally re-invented the marketplace and technological foundations of the rapidly expanding semiconductor business.  In the six short years since the first public announcement of the invention of the germanium transistor by Bell Labs in June, 1948, the major developments and commercial success in this technology were achieved by large electronics companies with lengthy connections to the electronics industry, such as Western Electric, Raytheon, General Electric and RCA.  By introducing the 900 series grown junction transistors several years ahead of any other serious competition in silicon technology, Texas Instruments quickly emerged from relative marketplace obscurity to become a dominant supplier of semiconductors.  This dominant role has continued for almost 50 years, building on the original silicon technology success with the additional historic development by TI of the Integrated Circuit in the late 1950s.  


To learn more about the historic contributions made by Texas Instruments to semiconductor development, use the Oral History links at left for detailed personal recollections.


You’ll also enjoy the excellent research and photographic account of TI transistor history developed by Mark Burgess.

Copyright © 2006 by Jack Ward. All Rights Reserved.