Carl’s vivid and detailed
recollections of his work as a student and young engineer in the 1950s, and
his insightful account of the early transistor program at General Electric
will be the primary topic of this Oral History (taken in April through
Before we discuss your
professional work with early transistor technology at General Electric, I’d
be interested in learning the details of your first exposure to
transistors. I understand this was
while you were still in high school?
One of my favorite sources
of information was the Bell Systems Technical Journal, which told of work
being done at Bell Laboratories. Early in 1949, I read the article by
Brattain, Bardeen, and Shockley on the work they were doing with a device
called a transistor. There were a lot of details left out of the
article, or maybe they were so far over my head that I could not see them,
but I began to think about what they did and how I might duplicate it in my
little lab with very meager equipment - I was still a high school kid!
I remember writing a report
on the transistor for my English case. The teacher chastised me for
only having the single reference from BSTJ, but that was all there
was. I still received an A grade.
To Todd Oral History, Page 2
Historic Audio Recordings